Saycoffee's coffee capsule is made from grains, oilseeds and plant fibers. Whereas the inside it packed with delicious coffee. In an age of focus on sustainability and recycling, many consumers are looking for alternatives to plastic. Bioplastic or compostable plastics are some of the alternatives that are gaining ground right now. Get to know what's up and down the plant-based type of plastic. We have tried to break it down as simple as possible.
The conventional / old way of producing plastic.
‘Ordinary’ or conventional plastic is produced using oil or natural gas as a raw material. It is estimated that 90% of the plastic we produce today consists of fossil fuels. Because plastic is always artificially produced by chemical manipulation, nature's microorganisms (bacteria) are not developed to be able to degrade it. A few special bacteria have been found that are capable of degrading plastic, but they are very uncommon in nature and will therefore never be able to cope with the plastic pollution we face.
Bio-based plastics have been invented to make up with our unsustainable use of fossil fuels. Bio-based plastic is made from biological materials like corn, sugar cane, hemp, etc. This is also called Biomass. The confusion can arise because the word "plastic" is included in the words Bio-based "plastic" og compostable "plastic"
Biodegradable or Compostable "Plastic" (Saycoffee’s coffee capsules)
Compostable / Biodegradable plastic is also made from biological material like corn, sugar cane, hemp, beets, bamboo etc. which can be degradable under controlled conditions. During the production of Compostable / Biodegradable plastic, special substances are added that allow the plastic to be broken down by nature's microorganisms.
Sorting and degradability
Although Saycoffee's coffee capsules are made from Biodegradable / Compostable "plastic" we recommend, for now, that you as a regular consumer are sorting the capsules for Domestic Waste (Rest-affald) together with other household waste and NOT for plastic. With the Domestic Waste the coffee capsules are part of the district heating supply also called "Fjernvarme".
Biodegradable / Compostable plastic is based on plants that absorb CO2 from the atmosphere when grown in the field. Therefore, when the bioplastic is sent off to residual waste, only the amount of CO2 that the plant absorbed when it was grown is emitted. In practice, this means that bioplastics do not emit more CO2 than the plants have absorbed in the field.
Biodegradable / compostable plastic can never be completely CO2-neutral. Energy for growing the plants, transport and producing the bioplastic also counts in the calculation. With bioplastics, however, the atmosphere is loaded with significantly less CO2 compared to ordinary plastic, and many types can be recycled. For every kilo of plastic we recycle, we typically emit 1½ kilo less CO2 into the atmosphere.
Compared to other coffee capsules, ours is far preferable as the combustion does not degrade the environment and counts positively in the overall energy bill. Here, plastic and aluminum capsules are far more harmful to the environment.